4 causes of toothache and how to fix it

If you’ve ever had a toothache, you’ll know it’s the worst. Here are some causes of it and what to do about it.

Pain is a natural protective response of our body. The sensory trigger is there to let you know that something is wrong, something is coming from within, whether mild or severe. Dental pain is no exception to the rule either. Most of the time, a toothache is a sign that something is wrong. pain with your teeth or gums. Here are four causes of toothache and what to do about it:

Gum disease

Gum disease, often known as periodontitis, is an inflammation of the gums. It causes inflammation, heating, redness and swelling of the gums. Gum disease can cause moderate to severe pain, and depending on the severity of the pain, you can tell how serious the infection is.

What to do: The first line of defense against gum disease is deep cleaning. Unlike a standard cleaning, which is usually done only above the gum line, a deep cleaning is done below the gum line. Your dentist will use special instruments to treat it.

Tooth brushing unsplash

Temperature Sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity caused by heat or cold usually occurs when the enamel – the outer protective covering of the tooth – has worn away. The sections of a tooth above the gum line are covered in enamel.

What to do: Treatment will be determined by the cause of the sensitivity. Your dentist may recommend a fluoride gel, desensitizing toothpastea crown, inlay, bonding, gum graft or root canal surgery.


Damage to the surface of a tooth, or the enamel, is known as tooth decay. It happens when bacteria in your mouth produce acids that eat away at your tooth enamel. Tooth decay can cause cavities. If left untreated, tooth decay can lead to discomfort, infection and even tooth loss.

What to do: See a dentist if it gets worse. Other than that, you can brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste after eating or drinking, rinse your mouth often, or eat healthy food.

Teeth protection unsplash


Bruxism is defined by the clenching and grinding of the teeth and can occur during sleep or wakefulness. Over time, it can cause tooth sensitivity, as well as tooth or facial pain.

What to do: Avoid grinding your teeth by reducing the stress in your life, adopting good sleeping habits or using a mouth guard to protect your teeth from grinding while you sleep.

Read more

⋙ Common mistakes to avoid when brushing your teeth

⋙ Here’s how to fix yellow and stained teeth

Dental hygiene: How long should you brush your teeth?

Comments are closed.