Problems caused by poor oral hygiene
Most of us associate the perfect smile with beauty. Showing your white teeth to others can be satisfying, and a person who does so seems to be overwhelmed with confidence. In today’s era, it has become important to maintain good oral hygiene. Your mouth seems to be the window to your body. Doctors say that your health can be assessed based on your oral hygiene. Your mouth can show the world what kind of problem your body has.
For a long time, people did not understand the importance of a healthy mouth. When we dive deep into human history, we will find that we have come a long way in oral hygiene. We haven’t always brushed our teeth or flossed our teeth. While we were in the wilderness, we were concerned about our teeth. However, today oral hygiene has become an inseparable part of our way of life.
What is oral hygiene?
Oral hygiene is the method of taking care of your dental area to prevent disease and disorder. A healthy mouth area is a sign of both physiological and psychological health. Humans tend to be drawn to visuals, and good oral hygiene ultimately reflects your self-confidence.
How does oral health relate to the overall health of the body?
Doctors usually begin to inspect your fingernails, mouth, eyes, etc., when diagnosing your condition. Studies have found a link between poor dental health and clinical symptoms of underlying systemic diseases, which has increased the importance of oral health in recent years. People believe that a healthy tongue can be an indication of a healthy body. According to research and studies from the Mayo Clinic, oral germs and inflammation are linked to heart problems, endocarditis, infection of the lining of the heart, and other conditions. According to the American Heart Association (www.heart.org), bacteria can enter your circulatory system through your mouth and cause infective endocarditis due to poor dental hygiene, dental procedures, etc. Infectious endocarditis is an infection of the heart valves that can be fatal.
What are the symptoms of oral problems?
Most of the time, we overlook the common symptoms that indicate a problem with our oral hygiene. Some of the common symptoms that can indicate poor oral hygiene include ulcers, sores or tender areas in the mouth that do not heal after a week or two, bleeding or swollen gums after brushing or using flossing, chronic bad breath, sudden sensitivity to heat and cold temperatures or drinks, pain or toothache, loose teeth, receding gums, pain when chewing or biting , swelling of the face and cheeks, etc. When you experience these kinds of symptoms, seeing your dentist is the most viable option. If you live in Canada you can see a dentist in Calgary SW, or if you live in India you can choose from the directory based on your location.
What are the causes of dental disease?
Our oral cavity is made up of bacteria, viruses and fungi and most of them are considered harmless. A diet high in sugar, on the other hand, promotes the growth of acid-producing bacteria. This acid eats away at tooth enamel, causing cavities. Plaque is a sticky matrix on which bacteria grow near the gum tissue. If the plaque is not removed consistently with brushing and flossing, it builds up, hardens, and migrates down the tooth. Gingivitis is a disorder that occurs when your gums become inflamed
Types of dental disease
Here are the most common types of oral problems:
- Caries (cavities or dental caries): There are areas of the tooth with a hole. These teeth are damaged due to poor oral hygiene. They occur when bacteria, food, and acid combine to produce plaque on your teeth. The acid in your mouth destroys the enamel and then the underlying dentin or connective tissue. This can cause lasting damage over time.
- Gingivitis: Gingivitis (gum disease): Gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums, is a condition in which the gums become inflamed. It is caused by the buildup of plaque on your teeth as a result of poor brushing and flossing habits. If not treated in time, your gums can grow larger and bleed. Also, in some cases, periodontitis can develop if the gingivitis is left untreated.
- Periodontitis: Periodontitis is a serious infection of the gums that can lead to tooth loss as well as other serious health problems. It can also trigger an inflammatory chain reaction throughout the body.
- Cracked or broken teeth: This can be the result of an injury or the bite of hard meals. A fractured tooth is excruciatingly painful. If you have a cracked or fractured tooth, you should see your dentist immediately.
How to treat dental problems?
Nowadays, there are many modern and traditional techniques for treating your teeth. Depending on the severity of your oral problem, a dentist may recommend one or more of the following:
- Antibiotics: These are prescribed for severe pain in your tooth area.
- Fillings: A filling is a dental restoration used to repair a cavity, crack or hole in the tooth. After removing the damaged area of ââthe tooth with a bur, the dentist will replace the hole with a material such as amalgam or composite.
- Root canal: It is prescribed if your tooth decay has reached your nerve. In a root canal, the nerve is removed and replaced with a biocompatible filler, which is usually a combination of gutta-percha and adhesive cement.
- Flap surgery: A surgeon makes a small incision in the gum tissue to lift part of the tissue during flap surgery. Tartar and bacteria under the gums are then eliminated. After that, the flap is sewn in place around your teeth.
Prevention is better than cure
You have to understand the seriousness of poor oral hygiene and work to take care of it. It is better to take precautions and avoid mishaps than to complain and regret them later. As we’ve all learned, brush your teeth twice a day without fail. Make sure you brush your teeth with a smooth bristle brush and floss regularly. Eat a balanced diet that includes foods high in fiber, low in fat, and low in sugar. Limit your daily sugar intake. Make sure to visit your dentist every six months or so to take care of your gums and teeth.
In summary, one must be aware of the importance of personal and dental hygiene and take care of one’s health. We have to face the truth that our oral hygiene reflects the state of our body. Our physiological state can sometimes be influenced by the characteristics of our mouth. Good maintenance of your teeth and gums will pay off in the long run. It will also brighten your mood and help you gain self-confidence. Oral cleanliness is often linked to a healthy mind and better psychological state.
For in-depth, objective and above all balanced journalism, click here to subscribe to Outlook Magazine